Data Visualization

Blog of the Data Visualization & Communication Course at OSB-AUB

This is my favorite part about analytics: Taking boring flat data and bringing it to life through visualization” John Tukey

Price Variation of Commodities in Lebanon: A Cross Sectional Study

Price Variation of Commodities in Lebanon: A Cross Sectional Study

In the spirit of collaboration, the incredible individuals behind this project: 

  • Anthony Aramouny
  • Ghassan Shammas
  • Malak Wehbe
  • Mohammad Abdul Rahman
  • Rawad Abi Zeid
  • Zeinab Mortada

Prices Variation Rational

Commodities price variation in Lebanon has been the center of many socio-economic activities and concerns in the past 2 decades. In fact, notwithstanding the underlying concept of inflation (or deflation), the issue has a deep social stability construct: Food security for the poor and the poorer. No matter what the GDP is per capita, it is essential to understand that when commodities prices vary a substrate of the Lebanese society feels the impact much stronger than others: those below the line of poverty.

The Problem

Relying on the data published by on the yearly prices of goods in Lebanon, it is clear that the consumer encounters prices variation, within the same period of time between the different regions in Lebanon. This is clear in the visuals published below.

We believe that the problem resides in the following issues:

  • Lebanon lacks sufficient personnel involved in the prices control at the economy of economy and trade.
  • It has Limited reach on price controls and prices ceiling.
  • It Lacks specialized domestic food security experts.
  • It lacks total agricultural programming to supplement the market with commodities in crisis.
  • It lacks cheap national transport routes for bulk products such as railways. The cost of transport may exceed 30% of the final cost of a commodity.


It is necessary to divide the time series into 3 periods:

  • From 2012 to October 2019 i.e. precrisis period
  • From October 2019 until end of 2021 (crisis period with subsidized goods)
  • 2022 until now, post crisis and post subsidies.

The banking and financial crisis in Lebanon imposed mainly two constraints on the food security issue: i) the strong volatility of the exchange rate against a fixed low official rate of LB1500/$, ii) a subsequent spiraling inflation rate that was strongly reflected on the prices of goods in the country.

Meanwhile, during the first 2 years of the crisis, the government had subsidies on fuel and its derivatives, wheat and bread and some other commodities. The subsidies were lifted during 2021, and the prices were” floating”. For a short period of time, the prices oscillated without any rational and later stabilized due to the rapid dollarization of the retail market: The Lebanese Pound became almost obsolete, superseded by the US$ as a cash for retail transactions. It is to be noted that the salary of the public sector is still indexed to the “old” Lebanese pound exchange rate and hence the public servant are actually those who suffer the most the impact of price variation in Lebanon.

Explore Our Interactive Dashboard below:
For a more in-depth look at our project, we invite you to explore our interactive dashboard. It’s designed to provide you with detailed analytics, and visual insights into our work.

We value your thoughts and feedback! If you have any questions, comments, or insights, please feel free to share them in the comment section below.
Evolving Unemployment Trends: A Comparative Study of Lebanon and the Arab Region

Evolving Unemployment Trends: A Comparative Study of Lebanon and the Arab Region

We’ll explore how Lebanon’s unemployment rates compare with other Arab nations and discuss innovative strategies to address this challenge. Our focus is on understanding the current situation and proposing effective solutions for economic growth and stability.

The Problem of High Unemployment in Lebanon

  • Lebanon’s Struggle: A markedly high unemployment rate compared to the wider Arab world.
  • Comparative Statistics: Lebanon’s unemployment rate stands at 12.76% among those with advanced education, a stark contrast to Qatar’s 0.4%.
  • Regional Perspective: Lebanon’s total unemployment rate of 8.6% amidst the Arab nations.

Proposed Solution:
Adapting to Industry Evolution through Training and Partnerships

  1. Skill Enhancement: Continuously update training programs to stay in sync with evolving industry demands.
  2. Certification and Recognition: Offer certification or accreditation for completed training programs.
  3. Access to Opportunities: Provide resources for job seekers to access these training opportunities.
  4. Collaboration with Industry: Establish partnerships with businesses to create internship and apprenticeship programs.

Detailed Solution Strategy:
Comprehensive Approaches to Address Unemployment

  • Tailored Education: Implement education and training programs specifically designed to meet industry demands.
  • Entrepreneurship and SME Support: Foster entrepreneurship and aid in small business development.
  • Collaborative Efforts: Strengthen ties between educational institutions, government entities, and the private sector.
  • Investment in Growth Industries: Focus on industries with high potential for job creation and economic impact.

Solution Validation:

  • Benchmarking Success: Drawing insights from successful interventions in regions with similar challenges.
  • Pilot Programs and Case Studies: Initiating tests to evaluate the effectiveness of these strategies.

Conclusions and Recommendations:

  • Multifaceted Approach: A combination of targeted education and training, entrepreneurial support, and strategic industry investments is recommended for Lebanon.
  • Aiming for Economic Growth: This strategy aims to utilize Lebanon’s larger labor force effectively to bridge the unemployment gap and foster economic growth.