Data Visualization

Blog of the Data Visualization & Communication Course at OSB-AUB

This is my favorite part about analytics: Taking boring flat data and bringing it to life through visualization” John Tukey

Suicide Mortality Rate

Suicide Mortality Rate

Suicide is something no one wants to talk about, the majority of people who are feeling down don’t openly talk about it. The highest population that is being affected are countries that are surrounding Russia, and in South Africa. There are 800k people commit suicide each year, this is due to many economical issues in these countries. Imagine Karim a husband and a father of 2 living in a country where the basic human needs are neglected. Now Karim is struggling to find a job due to the high unemployment rate, this means he is not able to feed his wife and kids. Imagine being in his place in a country with a 26%  unemployment rate. People that are unemployed have a higher chance of commit suicide due their mental health taking a hit this could spiral own a dark hole which is hard to come out off. Unemployment forced 40% of the population to suffer from severe or moderate food insecurity and this is the disruption of food intake or eating pattern due to the lack of money and other resources. Now Karim can’t just feed his family but also can’t get the basic human needs.

All these problems correlate strongly with the Social protection and Labor Programs when these programs are lacking the result were higher suicide mortality rate. These programs help the population in managing risks and protect them from food insecurities through various methods. Poland has a high social program and the results of the suicide mortality rate is significantly lower compared to Lesotho which is the opposite with high suicide rates and low social program . This indicates to lower suicide rates we must increase the aid to the population by offering labor market, unemployment benefits, and other programs. Now Karim can relax and calm down as help is on its way to assist him and other people who are in need.

Men are More Suicidal.

Men are More Suicidal.

FROM “Man up, you can’t be depressed just because this happened!” TO “Why are you looking so sad and tired? Are you depressed? You can talk to me if you want..” 

To begin with, according to the World Bank dataset on development indicators, it is clear that men’s average suicide mortality rate is significantly higher than females.

Surprisingly, males are three times more suicidal than females, reaching an average of 14.3 male suicides per 100,000 males, while 4.4 female suicides per 100,000 females.

But why is this the case?

While comparing countries with high unemployment rates and countries with low unemployment rates, the following analyses were investigated:

To begin with, in Countries with highest unemployment rates, the suicide mortality rates for both men and women are higher.

However, when faced with difficult economic situations:

  • Females suicide mortality rates were higher by 150%
  • Males suicide mortality rates were higher by 217%

This leads to the conclusion that men’s mental health tends to be more susceptible to financial burdens.

So, what should be done?

A potential solution would be providing unemployment benefits, which are governmental compensations that are provided for unemployed people. These compensations help secure a stable income after the layoff of an employee, and they improve unemployed people’s productivity in the labor market by improving job matching and connecting employees to employers.

In addition, this solution can be helpful in mitigating the impact of unemployment on the psychological wellbeing of people.

As the following illustration shows, both females’ and males’ suicide mortality rates are higher in countries with lower adequacy and coverage of unemployment benefits

More specifically, males’ suicide rates are 31% lower in countries with high adequacy and coverage of unemployment benefits.

Thus, in order to mitigate the males’ suicide mortality, several recommendations are suggested to be effective.

  • First, it is highly recommended that suicide prevention groups intensify their focus on men and encourage them to express themselves and seek psychological help.
  • Equally important, in countries with high unemployment rates, governments should work on providing unemployment benefits and ensure their wide coverage of the unemployed.


Thank you

Suicide and Alcohol Consumption In Russia

Suicide and Alcohol Consumption In Russia

Depression, mood disorders, extreme anxiety and .. suicide.

Ignoring human well-being and setting people’s depression as less important issues to look after might have very dramatic impacts on countries sustainability. And that is why, ensuring healthy lives and promoting well-being come as third goal of the Sustainable Development Goals. Psychological struggles of people from different countries make negative impacts on people, however, in Russia, one half of the population is affected by their depression and sometimes escaping from their realities to suicide!

Statistical reports showed that Russian male have the highest suicide mortality rates globally. Also, Russian male suicide rates exceed those of Russian females by almost 5.8 times!

Where, as shown below, over the last 20 years Russia has male suicide mortality rate of 70.6 per 100,000 male population on average, while for females it is 12.88 per 100,000 female population on average.

These heartbreakingly high ratios are urgent stimulates to go beyond the data to investigate about possible reasons that lead males to suicide.

In general, many factors and causes could be reasons behind the suicide, and as Dr. Alexandre Fleischmann says “Suicide is a complex phenomenon “. However, there must be a key reason that leads Russian men, in specific, to commit suicide more than anywhere else.

After a deeper investigation, results showed that alcohol consumption among males in Russia could be an important cause for suicide. Alcohol plays a role in lowering persons’ inhibitions , leading them to act suicidal thoughts. In addition, alcohol consumption deepens the negative emotions, increasing the chance for people to get into depression, anger, and eventually, suicide.

As show in the figure below, Russia has the highest rate of alcohol consumption among its male population globally.

Finally, our mental health and well-being is not a secondary issue to take care of. Therefore, effective strategies and raising awareness are needed to treat depression, maintain people’s psychological health, and to prevent suicide.

Guyana Is Dying!

Guyana Is Dying!

Dear Communities,

Save Guyana!

Since 2000 Guyana is witnessing an increase in number of suicides. This increase should grab communities attention to work hard on reducing this rate. We have to instill hope again in every home in Guyana.

Reasons of Suicide in Europe and Africa

Reasons of Suicide in Europe and Africa

Suicide is the act of intentionally causing one’s own death. Each year approximately one million people die from suicide. In the last 45 years suicide rates have increased by 60% worldwide. This visualizations are part of a research project to identify the reasons of high suicide in Africa and Europe followed recommendations. This two map visualizations represent the names of the highest countries with suicide rate on the maps. The reasons of high suicide in Africa is high spread of lethal deceases like AIDS/HIV (and lack of proper health systems. Represented in one of the graphs, the HIV/AIDS rates of Africa Countries are in the graph were the blue bars of the graph represent countries with highest suicide. In another graph, data showed that post Soviet Union countries have higher suicide rate than other European countries. Also, the European countries where there is high substance use , the suicide rates rises. It is shown in the graph that countries which are in blue, the ones with highest suicide and very high in substance use.