# Data Visualization

Blog of the Data Visualization & Communication Course at OSB-AUB

This is my favorite part about analytics: Taking boring flat data and bringing it to life through visualization” John Tukey

## Problem with CO2 Emissions in the Arab World

Ahmad is a young and healthy adult who likes to engage in various sports. However, he suffers from severe cases of asthma and regularly takes prescribed medications along with his inhaler. Like many people his age, Ahmad is very ambitious about his future and hopes one day that he can become a world star athlete.

Unfortunately, Ahmad is living in Qatar which is known to have a very harsh environment that is filled with air pollution and CO2 emissions that can risk his healthcare and well being.

# Let’s Examine what Ahmad is up against!

The following Visual  is a Bar Chart displaying  the average CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) in Arab countries

# Ahmad was simply shocked!!

Although Ahmad knew that Qatar had very high levels of air pollution, he was not excepting it to be the highest among all other Arab countries. Ahmad had to act fast and think about ways to convince his parents to finance his journey to a cleaner country with low levels of greenhouse gas emissions. However, the previous graph was not entirely convincing for his father since he wanted to have a more visual understanding of the countries.

# A better Visual?

The following Visual  is the same visual presented before but projected on the map of the Arab World

# Before Deciding

Although it seemed Obvious for Ahmad to travel to any of the countries that had low levels of C02 emissions, Ahmad’s Father wanted his son to have a good future prospect. The father demanded to know which of these countries had low levels of unemployment. After a lot of hard work, Ahmad was able to come up with a great visual that explains exactly what his father wants.

# Now That’s Clearer

The following Visual is a Stacked Bar chart displaying the average CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) and % of unemployment in Arab countries

# Problem Solution

 Potential Solutions Solution Validation Recommendation For Better Future: Convince Ahmad’s father to finance his travel to Saudi Arabia it has less CO2 levels (12.62) with slightly higher unemployment rate (5.58%) Try Exploring other Non-Arab Countries that meet Ahmad’s requirement For Better Health: Convince Ahmad’s father to finance his travel to Lebanon it has significantly less CO2 levels (2.96) but a higher unemployment rate (8.63%) If to stay in Qatar for guaranteed employment, Ahmad should drastically change his lifestyle and become more health cautious

# Conclusion

Ahmad has choices There is no “perfect” solution for Ahmad’s Situation but he has a few options to explore. The problem in our Arab World is that we are (in most cases) required to sacrifice important aspects of our lives to improve other aspects. This dilemma is affecting so many people across the Arab World, especially during these hard times.

## HIV and Antiretroviral Therapy Coverage

HIV is a major health issue that is effecting the lives of many people around the world. However, recently HIV has become a manageable condition due to the increase in access to effective treatment and therapy. Antiretroviral therapy can save lives, protect health and reduce mother-to-child transmission. By that comes the importance of mothers, children, and adults receiving the lifelong Antiretroviral therapy.

## Say No to War in Lebanon!!

A civil war in Lebanon? Is it the solution for the Lebanese crises?  Ever since the Lebanese revolution in 2019 started and Lebanese have been hearing that there might be a possibility of a civil war.  What happened in 2019 in Lebanon? In 2019, Lebanese revolted mainly because of the sectarianism that exists in the country. After the revolution, people started saying that a civil war might take place in Lebanon because of the conflicts that are arising between different sectors and religions in Lebanon. However, I wanted to check if actually a civil war is the solution for the Lebnase economic crisis or not.

Therefore, I analyzed data about GDP growth % in Lebanon over the past 10 years but more specifically over the year 2006. Well, that’s because in 2006, a war disrupted in Lebanon due to many conflicts in the region. Thus, I wanted to check if the 2006 war that happened was beneficial or not to the Lebanese economy.

As we can see in the below graph, GDP growth was the lowest in 2006 the year the war happened, which means that the 2006 war has tremendous impact on the decline of the GDP growth. Having low GDP growth has many negative effects on the country and on its citizens. It causes people to loose jobs, inflation to increase, and living standards to decrease.

In conclusion, a civil war in Lebanon should NOT happen because of the war’s negative effects, and so we would not go into an even more severe economic crisis. The solutions for the conflicts that are happening between different sectors and religions could range from educating people to be more open and accepting one another, decrease socio-economic gap and encourage civil soceity development and many more solutions that are far away from a civil war. SAY NO TO WAR.

## Trends in Renewable Electricity Production

For the longest time, non-renewable energy production has been associated with power and wealth. While that remains apparent in the few nations that reap its bounty, another – uglier – side of the non-renewable energy production is coming more and more to light. Non-renewable energy production is the ultimate double edged sword: not only does it exhaust scarce natural resources, but it also results in greenhouse gas emissions that trap heat in the earth’s surface. As more non-renewable fuels are burned for electricity, our planet continues to heat, and a web of harmful reactions ensues.

The dashboard below explores trends in renewable electricity production among the top 5 producers of renewable energy. Compared to non-renewable energy, renewable energy produces minimal to no greenhouse gas emissions, making it an effective means to preserve natural resources, address global warming, and diversify energy supply.

Insights reveal that while renewable energy production is growing, non-renewable energy remains the main source of electricity production. To accelerate the growth in green energy production, governments must play a role in incentivizing its production and use, through anything from guaranteeing feed-in tariffs and providing interest free loans on setup costs, to further regulating CO2 emissions.

## Start-Up Bureaucracy in the MENA Region

Local media outlets tend to praise Lebanon as the regional leader in entrepreneurship. Yet it seems that executives and board members tend to disagree with the headlines. They have openly criticized the media for spreading misconceptions, explaining that Lebanese start-ups struggle to sustain themselves due to governmental intervention, ancient business laws, and the absence of free economic zones. So I thought, why not harness the power of data to see where things really lie? Are laws interfering with Lebanon’s competitive ability? Using the World Development Index, Lebanon’s performance was evaluated through the number of governmental procedures required to register a start-up, and benchmarked with two of its main rivals: KSA and UAE. We observed the development of this metric over time from 2003 until 2019. Lo and behold, though it was the reigning champion a decade ago, Lebanon now significantly lags behind both its competitors. Lebanese Laws must be amended to streamline start-up registration procedures, or the country will be out of the race to assert itself as the regional entrepreneurial hub it once was.