Data Visualization

Blog of the Data Visualization & Communication Course at OSB-AUB

This is my favorite part about analytics: Taking boring flat data and bringing it to life through visualization” John Tukey

Balancing Act: “Navigating CO2 Emissions and Harnessing Green Energy Resources”

by | Mar 17, 2024 | Visualization | 0 comments

Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions have been a central focus of global environmental discussions. The issue of increasing CO2 emissions, largely attributed to human activities such as the burning of fossil fuels and industrial processes, has gained heightened attention due to its significant implications for climate change.

The last 30 years have witnessed a steady rise in global CO2 emissions, driven by rapid industrialization, urbanization, and an escalating demand for energy. As nations grapple with the challenges of mitigating climate change, understanding the patterns and drivers of CO2 emissions over this period becomes crucial for formulating effective strategies to address and curb the impact of gas emissions on our planet’s climate system.

We uncovered the top 5 countries contributing the most to CO2 emissions: Qatar, UAE, Kuwait, Bahrain, and Luxembourg. This discovery prompted a deeper investigation into the root causes of these alarming emission rates. Thus, the main question driving our following analysis is clear:

“What specific sectors are driving the extremely high CO2 emissions as a percentage of total fuel combustion in these nations?”

By scrutinizing the proportional contribution of each sector to the total fuel combustion. What emerged was a striking pattern: across several nations, a substantial portion of CO2 emissions stemmed from the sector of electricity and heat production. This trend was particularly noticeable in nations like Bahrain, Kuwait, and Qatar. Conversely, in the cases of Luxembourg and the UAE, the sector exerting the most significant impact on emissions was “manufacturing industries and construction.”

This difference in contributing sectors highlights the intricate dynamics involved in shaping the emissions landscape of each country.

Delving deeper into the data, particularly focusing on Qatar, which ranked highest in CO2 emissions per capita, our detailed Scatter Plot Bubble Size visualization revealed a significant insight: a staggering 58.67% of its total emissions from fuel combustion are attributed to “electricity and heat production” Furthermore, 27.13% stems from “manufacturing industries and construction,” with the remaining 13.46% attributed to “transportation.” This breakdown elucidates the dominant contributors to Qatar’s emissions profile and underscores the importance of scrutinizing specific sectors in addressing mitigation strategies.

Further investigations, highlighted the direct relationship between the high CO2 emissions and the lack of Nuclear energy sources / Combustible Renewable and Waste as shown below, highlighting the fact that the lower the usage of alternative green energy sources to generate electricity, the higher the CO2 emissions.


The analysis highlights significantly elevated CO2 emissions in Qatar, UAE, Kuwait, Bahrain, and Luxembourg, primarily originating from electricity and heat production, as well as manufacturing industries and construction. This reliance on non-renewable sources, coupled with the absence of Green energy alternatives like Nuclear Plants and Renewable energy, underscores the URGENT need for diversification towards cleaner energy options. To address this, targeted strategies focusing on reducing emissions from high-contributing sectors such as electricity and heat production, manufacturing industries, and transportation are recommended. Additionally, there is a crucial emphasis on accelerating the integration of renewable energy sources and energy-efficient technologies to lessen dependence on fossil fuels and mitigate emissions. Advocating for sustainable practices in the manufacturing and construction sectors, including the use of green building materials and energy-efficient processes, is essential for achieving significant emission reductions.





Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *