Data Visualization

Blog of the Data Visualization & Communication Course at OSB-AUB

This is my favorite part about analytics: Taking boring flat data and bringing it to life through visualization” John Tukey

The Global Water Crisis

by | Jul 21, 2023 | Uncategorized | 0 comments

The Global Water Crisis

The global water crisis is a pressing issue characterized by increasing water scarcity and deteriorating water quality, impacting billions worldwide. Factors such as population growth, climate change, pollution, and inefficient water management contribute to this crisis. Many regions face challenges in accessing clean and safe water, leading to health hazards, agricultural setbacks, and socio-economic repercussions. Urgent action is required to address this crisis through sustainable water use, conservation, and improved infrastructure to ensure equitable access to this vital resource for present and future generations.

Top 5 Countries with Clean Water:

  • Uruguay
  • United States of America
  • United Kingdom
  • United Arab Emirates
  • Switzerland

These countries are known for their efficient water management, strict environmental regulations, and abundant natural water sources.

Least 5 Countries with Clean Water:

  • Congo
  • Central African Republic
  • South Sudan
  • Niger
  • Burkina Faso

These countries often struggle with water scarcity, poor infrastructure, and limited access to clean drinking water, leading to severe health and socio-economic issues.



Clean Water Availability Rural/Urban:

Clean water availability can vary significantly between rural and urban areas. Generally, urban areas tend to have better access to clean water due to better infrastructure and public services. In contrast, rural areas face challenges in obtaining clean water due to limited resources and a lack of proper water treatment facilities.

Clean Water Availability 2015/2022:

Clean water availability has likely improved in some regions between 2015 and 2022, mainly due to increased efforts from governments, NGOs, and international organizations. However, the overall result shows a Decline of 1.8% in clean water availability.

Water Availability by Region:

Water availability can be classified into four main categories:

  1. Clean Water: Regions where clean and safe water is readily available for consumption and daily use.
  2. Limited Water: Regions facing water scarcity, where access to clean water is limited, and communities may struggle to meet their water needs.
  3. Unimproved Water: Regions where water sources may be available, but the water quality is poor and contaminated, posing health risks to the population.
  4. Surface Water: Refers to water sources like rivers, lakes, and reservoirs that are openly exposed to the environment.

The distribution of these categories varies widely across different regions and countries, with some areas experiencing critical water shortages and poor water quality specially in African Region.




Clean water plays a significant role in hygiene sustainability as access to safe and clean water is essential for maintaining good hygiene practices. Without clean water, it becomes challenging to ensure proper sanitation, handwashing, and overall hygiene, which can lead to the spread of waterborne diseases and other health issues

Impact of Clean Water on Hygiene Sustainability:

  1. Handwashing: Clean water is essential for practicing proper handwashing, which is one of the most effective ways to prevent the spread of infections and diseases.
  2. Sanitation: Access to clean water is critical for maintaining sanitation facilities like toilets and latrines. Adequate sanitation is essential to prevent the contamination of water sources and the spread of diseases.
  3. Food Preparation: Clean water is required for washing and preparing food to ensure it is safe for consumption.
  4. Personal Hygiene: Clean water is necessary for bathing and maintaining personal hygiene, promoting overall health and well-being.

Top Countries by Hygiene Sustainability: Countries with well-developed infrastructure and access to clean water and sanitation facilities generally tend to have better hygiene sustainability. The top countries by hygiene sustainability may vary depending on the specific criteria and data sources used for evaluation.

Least Countries by Hygiene Sustainability: Countries facing challenges in providing access to clean water and sanitation facilities often have lower hygiene sustainability. These countries may struggle with poor sanitation practices, leading to higher rates of waterborne diseases and health issues.

Hygiene Sustainability % Rural/Urban: The availability of clean water and sanitation facilities can differ significantly between rural and urban areas. Urban areas generally have better access to improved sanitation facilities and clean water sources compared to rural regions. Consequently, hygiene sustainability is often higher in urban areas.

Hygiene Sustainability by Region: The level of hygiene sustainability can vary widely across different regions, depending on factors such as infrastructure development, access to resources, and government initiatives. Regions facing challenges like water scarcity, lack of proper sanitation facilities, and limited access to clean water may experience lower hygiene sustainability.

Basic, Limited & No Facility: Hygiene sustainability can be classified into categories based on the availability and quality of sanitation facilities:

  1. Basic Facility: Access to improved sanitation facilities, such as flush toilets or ventilated pit latrines, that are hygienically separated from human contact.
  2. Limited Facility: Access to unimproved sanitation facilities, which do not meet basic hygienic standards, such as pit latrines without proper ventilation or sanitation facilities shared by multiple households.
  3. No Facility: Lack of access to any sanitation facility, resulting in open defecation or the absence of proper waste disposal systems.

Promoting hygiene sustainability and ensuring access to clean water and sanitation facilities are crucial steps in improving public health, reducing waterborne diseases, and achieving sustainable development goals worldwide. Efforts from governments, international organizations, and local communities are essential to address these challenges effectively.


UN-Water. (2022). The United Nations World Water Development Report 2021 – Valuing Water. Retrieved from:

World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). (2021). Progress on household drinking water, sanitation and hygiene 2000-2020: five years into the SDGs. WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene. Retrieved from:


Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *